Digging up new theories

Two stories for the Smithsonian Magazine. One was about the latest discoveries of King Tut, and the other about a new theory on the reach of the Middle Kingdom.

CAIRO, EGYPT - July 28: Photos of the Pyramids of Giza at night on July 28, 2015 in Cairo, Egypt. A series of photos of The Giza Necropolis includes the three pyramid complexes known as the Great Pyramids. (Photo by David Degner/Smithsonian Magazine).

AIN SUKHNA EGYPT - January 29: A team of egyptian excavators carefully dig at the site of a pharaonic era port on the red sea, AIN SUKHNA, EGYPT on January 29. The team comes mainly Qurna in Luxor and have been excavating for generations.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

CAIRO EGYPT - February 11: A sand storm hits the Saqarah pyramid complex to the south of CAIRO, EGYPT on February 11. The causeway used to include a wall with an inscription showing the transportation of columns by boat.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

AIN SUKHNA EGYPT - January 22: At the door to the storage caves a crumbled plaster was found lying on the ground, AIN SUKHNA, EGYPT on January 22. Pierre Tallet and other archeologists are still spending their spare time trying to piece it together.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

AIN SUKHNA EGYPT - January 29: A team of egyptian excavators carefully dig at the site of a pharaonic era port on the red sea, AIN SUKHNA, EGYPT on January 29. The team comes mainly Qurna in Luxor and have been excavating for generations.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 28: A stall of dusty pharaonic knick knacks tempts tourists at the side of Luxor's tourist market in LUXOR, EGYPT on September 28. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

AIN SUKHNA EGYPT - January 29: A team of egyptian excavators carefully dig at the site of a pharaonic era port on the red sea, AIN SUKHNA, EGYPT on January 29. The team comes mainly Qurna in Luxor and have been excavating for generations.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 28: Tourists walk by the tomb of King Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings at LUXOR, EGYPT on September 28. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

CAIRO EGYPT - October 16: Tourists look at the mask of Tutankhamun's mummy is on display in the Egypt Museum, CAIRO, EGYPT on October 16. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

AIN SUKHNA EGYPT - January 29: Inscriptions on the wall above a series of storage caves at a pharaonic era port on the red sea, AIN SUKHNA, EGYPT on January 29. In the bottom right is a pharaonic era recording, with a cross that was added by a christian hermit monk, and initials and date added by a British soldier.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 27: Empty carts wait to carry tourists to the valley of the kings in LUXOR, EGYPT on September 27. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 27: Mahmoud Mahmoud walks to the replica King Tutankhamun tomb which was recently finished, but doesn't get nearly as many visitors as the real tomb at LUXOR, EGYPT on September 27. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

AIN SOUKNA, EGYPT - January 22: Ali Haasan, one of the team of excavators takes survey readings to accurately locate everything that is found at the site, AIN SOUKNA, EGYPT on January 22.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 28: The sarcophagus of King Tutankhamun is displayed inside his small tomb in the Valley of the Kings at LUXOR, EGYPT on September 28. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 28: A stall of dusty pharaonic knick knacks and gifts tempt tourists at the side of Luxor's tourist market in LUXOR, EGYPT on September 28. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 28: The body of King Tutankhamun is displayed in a glass case inside his small tomb in the Valley of the Kings at LUXOR, EGYPT on September 28. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 27: Mahmoud Mahmoud works as a a guide and guard of the Carter House, a renovated museum to the man who found King Tutankhamun LUXOR, EGYPT on September 27. Mahmoud originally lived in Old Qurna which is on the side of the mountain near the dig sites for pharaonic tombs. But recently the government forcibly moved the village and it's residents to a new site. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

LUXOR EGYPT - September 28: Tourists walk through Luxor temple in LUXOR, EGYPT on September 28. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

LUXOR, EGYPT - September 27: A tree of post cards stands in front of the Luxor temple includes King Tutankhamun's burial mask, in LUXOR, EGYPT on September 27. (Photo by David Degner / Getty Images)

CAIRO EGYPT - January 20: An employee of the antiquities ministry points out where the causeway starts leading up to one of the pyramids at the Saqqarah, Egypt on January 20. It is believed that a branch the Nile used to run up to the edge of the causeway, allowing for easier transportation of material from around the kingdom.

(David Degner / Getty Reportage)